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Cross-cutting challenges to food security

Youth and employment in food value chains

Cross-cutting challenges to FNS - Youth and employment
Image: via Flickr (by: Australian Govt)

In developing countries, over 60% of the population is below the age of 25. This youth population will only continue to rise with the high trend of global population growth. The majority of these young people still live in rural areas. With an average unemployment rate of 40%, they are disproportionately affected by not having a job compared with the broader global population. At the same time, sustainable food and nutrition security in a world that will soon reach 9 billion people is a challenge. That is why job creation for youth in rural areas and food value chains, particularly in LMICs, is increasingly tabled. Under this Knowledge Portal topic you will find the latest trends and developments in the field of youth in agriculture.

The Food & Business Knowledge Platform is also actively involved in this theme. Please have a look at the theme page on Youth in Agri-food for the latest news, events, and our own publications. You can also have look at our exploration that maps sub-themes and organisations that are active in this field.

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Rural youth employment
Published by IFAD, World Bank Group,
This report was prepared as an input to discussions on rural youth employment in the G20 Development Working Group. This focus on rural youth employment is essential, since youth are more likely than adults to be unemployed and a large share of youth live in rural areas. »
Is ‘mind-set change’ the new frontier for Africa’s youth?
Published by IDS,
This expert opinion refutes the notion that the mind-set change of young people towards a more 'entrepreneurial mind-set' is the solution. First, surely it is right that we are very cautious about any analysis that defines the views, perspectives, attitudes and imagined futures of a whole generation – their mind-set – as problematic. »
Youth in agribusiness in Africa: turning knowledge into action
Published by Rural 21,
This blog highlights the potential for fostering entrepreneurship and creating role models to persuade youth not to relocate to cities. The author states that a supporting environment should be provided for young people to thrive in agriculture and agribusiness. »
Agricultural commercialisation: Where it’s hot and where it’s not
Published by IDS,
This blog scrutinizes the link between the level of commercialization of a local economy and youth inclusiveness. Greater agricultural commercialization, through engagement with value chains, is seen by many as the only viable way forward for small-scale farmers in Africa. However, how this commercialization is influencing the opportunities of rural young people is hardly investigated. »
A spatial analysis of youth livelihoods and rural transformation in Ghana
Published by IFPRI,
This policy note gives a spatial analysis of youth livelihoods and rural transformation for Ghana. It discusses the shift away from agriculture, occurring throughout rural Ghana, which is much more pronounced for youth. »
Africa’s youth employment challenge: New perspectives
Published by IDS Bulletin,
This issue of the IDS Bulletin reflects challenges to youth employment in Africa and demonstrates how political context shapes youth-related policy. It illustrates the need for critical reflection on the multiple and divergent meanings of work and highlight an urgent need to rethink interventions that promote entrepreneurship. »
Realities, perceptions, challenges and aspirations of rural youth in dryland agriculture in Morocco
Published by Sustainability,
This article analyses rural youth’s realities, perspectives and aspirations in dryland Agricultural Livelihood Systems in Morocco. According to the authors the data collected are an important first step in understanding the target group and working with youth to identify and develop appropriate programmatic interventions to improve their livelihoods and rural futures. »
Changing the norm, making agriculture “cool” for young people
Published by PDA,
This opinion paper discusses the perception of people on agriculture as a profession. Attracting the youth to agriculture requires a shift in the perception of agriculture as a subsistence activity to a viable business enterprise and also creating the enabling environment, which employs a modern approach to farming that raises productivity, making agriculture an attractive venture. »
Boosting youth employment in Africa: What works and why?
Published by INCLUDE,
This synthesis report reviews the latest knowledge on youth employment in Africa. By 2020, most new jobs will be created in informal sectors. A focus on enhancing productivity in these two currently low-productive sectors is, therefore, crucial in the short term. »
An ICT agripreneurship guide: A path to success for young ACP entrepreneurs
Published by CTA,
This practical handbook (PDF) published by the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) provides a guide for young aspiring information and communication technologies (ICTs) entrepreneurs to help them set-up businesses that address challenges in the agricultural sector. Governments, private sector, non-governmental organisations, and especially young people, are increasingly viewing the intersection of ICTs and agriculture... »
Making creativity a job engine for rural Africa: Panel discussion highlights role of young entrepreneurs
Published by Rural 21 Journal,
This article describes the main messages of a panel discussion on youth employment in rural Africa. One of the important challenge for Africa will be to make the rural economy a place of opportunity for the young. According to the young Africans who attended the discussion, one of the reasons that this is not yet happening is the lack of investment. »
Foresight Africa viewpoint: Science and the farm
Published by Brookings Institution,
This blog argues that Africa’s youth employment issue is fundamentally one of agricultural modernization and investment in science. More youths remain on farms than leave, although the movement away is very visible and has raised concern about food security, aging of the countryside, and excessive dependence on food imports. Concerns would be best directed toward understanding the needs of young people who stay on farms. »
Addressing rural youth migration at its root causes: A conceptual framework
Published by FAO,
This paper by FAO develops a conceptual framework about how agricultural and rural development policies can reduce the need for distress migration of rural youth; and how rural youth migration and remittances can contribute to sustainable agriculture and rural development, poverty reduction and food security in the areas of origin. »
Equipping young people to make a change in agriculture
Published by YPARD,
This YPARD report provides one of the first comprehensive explorations of the impact mentoring can have both on young and senior agricultural professionals. A diversity of mentoring models were studied and in early 2015, YPARD decided that to understand how mentoring can best benefit its diverse global network, a number of different approaches to mentoring should be piloted - namely face to face, virtual, blended and group/peer mentoring. This report explores the outcomes, strengths and limitations of each approach. »
Unlocking the potential of non-farm enterprises to reduce rural unemployment in Ghana
Published by IDS,
This policy briefing by IDS highlights the role of non-farm enterprise sector in the rural economy in Ghana. Non-farm enterprises have been viewed as one of the surest ways of reducing rural youth unemployment in the country. However, despite their potential, limited understanding of the diverse nature of the non-farm enterprise sector has led to policies that do not fully exploit its potential to reduce rural unemployment in Ghana. »
Agricultural value chains and their potential for youth employment in fragile and conflict-affected contexts
Published by ECDPM,
This GREAT Insights Magazine edition of February/March 2017 has a thematic focus on youth employment in fragile countries. It brings together a range of perspectives on the pressing question of how better to promote youth employment in fragile and conflict-affected countries. Agriculture is mentioned as one of the most promising sectors in most fragile and conflict-affected environments. »
Increasing youth participation in livestock production in Kenya
Published by IDS,
This policy briefing by IDS focuses on the increasing of youth participation in livestock production in Kenya. Agriculture is a primary source of employment in Kenya. Most employment takes the form of smallholder crop and livestock farming, either as a main or supplementary livelihood activity. In recent years, youth have been found to prefer employment in non-farm livelihood activities to farming. »
Addressing the challenges faced by rural youth aged 15 to 17 in preparing for and accessing decent work
Published by FAO,
This meeting report features the results of the expert meeting on Addressing the Challenges Faced by Rural Youth Aged 15-17 in Preparing for and Accessing Decent Work in 2016. The expert meeting contributed to the identification of feasible and effective policies and actions to enable rural youth in this age group to prepare for and access decent work. »
Learning and entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector: building social entrepreneurial capabilities in young farmers
Published by International Journal of Work Innovation,
This paper explores the learning mechanisms intended to develop new knowledge and capabilities that are expressed in the adoption of entrepreneurial behaviour by young farmers. It highlights public programs that promote the improvement of the technical and productive conditions of the agriculture sector in Mexico through organisations such as Produce Foundation Puebla (FUPPUE). »
The effect of land inheritance on youth employment and migration decisions
Published by IFPRI,
This discussion paper explores how the amount of land youth expect to inherit affects their migration and employment decisions in rural Ethiopia. By using panel data from 2010 and 2014 it is found that larger expected land inheritance significantly lowers the likelihood of long-distance permanent migration and of permanent migration to urban areas. »
Failing young people? Addressing the supply-side bias and individualisation in youth employment programming
Published by IDS,
This report by the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), problematises and critiques some of the currently predominant models for getting young people into work. Examining the current state of play of donor policies, the report critiques the supply-side bias built into the majority of approaches, and aims to advance an understanding of the demand-side and structural constraints. »
Structural transformation to boost youth labour demand in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of agriculture, rural areas and territorial development
Published by ILO,
This paper by the International Labour Organization (ILO), explores the opportunities that economic diversification offers to foster structural transformation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) while absorbing the growing youth labour force and providing them with the requisite skills. The paper focuses on structural transformation and the identification of possible building blocks for boosting youth employment in SSA. »
Smallholder rural youth farming in Kiambu County, Kenya
Published by Journal of Culture, Society and Development,
This study in the Journal of Culture, Society and Development aimed at highlighting age, gender participation and the role of literacy in small scale farming among the trained youth in Kiambu County, Kenya. »
Farming for the Future: three ways to rethink youth livelihoods in the agriculture sector
Published by Grace Mwaura,
In this blog, Grace Mwaura questions the nature of livelihood opportunities that young people are being encouraged to pursue and their implications for the future. She highlights three key issues around the narrative of enticing young people into agriculture: the ecological footprint, the markets, and the policy incentives. »
Young people and agriculture in Africa: A review of research evidence and EU documentation
Published by IDS,
This report by IDS presents the results of a desk-based study to assess the available research evidence in relation to African young people's engagement with agriculture, and to analyse how this evidence is reflected in current European Union (EU) policy and programming in Malawi, Ethiopia and Kenya, three of the 89 countries in which Alliance2015 members work. »
Agrifood youth employment and engagement study
Published by Michigan State University,
This report by the Michigan State University examines the potential of Sub-Saharan Africa’s agrifood systems to provide new jobs for unemployed, underemployed and disadvantaged youth, and identifies constraints affecting the capacity of youth to take up these economic opportunities. According to the report, Sub-Saharan Africa’s agricultural sector is rapidly changing and can be a key driver of youth employment and economic transformation. »
Assessing the future of agriculture in the hands of rural youth in Nigeria
Published by International Journal of Agricultural Extension,
This study in the International Journal of Agricultural Extension examined the perception of rural youths toward Agriculture as a profession in Nigeria. Data for the study were obtained through interview and structured questionnaires administered to one hundred and twenty respondents. »
Can better technology lure Asia’s youth back to farming
Published by IPS,
Farming and agriculture may not seem cool to young people, but if they can learn the thrill of nurturing plants to produce food, and are provided with their favourite apps and communications software on agriculture, food insecurity will not be an issue, food and agriculture experts said during the Asian Development Bank (ADB)’s Food Security Forum from June 22 to 24 at the ADB headquarters here. »
Youth and agriculture in the drylands – Realities, viewpoints, aspirations and challenges of rural youth
Published by YPARD & CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems,
This study, commissioned by the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems and the Young Professionals for Agricultural Development (YPARD), aims to provide a diagnostic analysis of the livelihood choices and options of young people living in rural drylands, especially with respect to agriculture and migration. The research team sought to investigate rural youth’s realities, perspectives, aspirations, challenges, and opportunities in the selected study site in the three Agricultural Livelihoods Systems (ALS) of dry areas, namely ‘irrigated’, ‘rainfed’ and ‘pastoral’. »
Africa’s structural challenges can’t be solved by “youth innovation”
Published by IDS,
In this blog, IDS experts challenge the current discourse around youth employment challenge in sub-Saharan Africa, as it is commonly stated that young people are innovative, and in some respects, more innovative than older people. »
Agricultural transformation and agribusiness in Africa: how can jobs for women and youth be created?
Published by INCLUDE Platform,
In preparation for a side-event on the African Development Bank (ADB) annual meetings, the INCLUDE Platform launched a series of one pagers on Africa’s agricultural transformation and how it can be made inclusive for women and youth. This one pager introduces the concepts of agricultural transformation and agribusiness and identifies the key challenges in making both inclusive. The series of one pagers assess how an inclusiveness lens can best be applied. It does so in the form of four briefs on the most pressing issues of inclusive agribusiness. »
Should we stop talking about “youth”?
Published by IDS,
Youth and young people are becoming a hot topic among development donors and actors. But who exactly do these "labels" apply to, and are they too broad for effective policies? Or do they create too narrow a focus which is blind to larger structural issues? »
Determinants of changes in youth and women agricultural labor participation in selected African countries
Published by Eugenie W. H. Maiga,
This paper investigates the determinants of changes in youth and women participation in agriculture by using data from the Living Standards Measurement Surveys-Integrated Surveys of Agriculture (LSMS-ISA). Participation in the agricultural labor force is measured using hours per week in agriculture and change in hours worked per week in agriculture between two survey waves for Nigeria and Uganda. »
Innovative and inclusive finance for youth in agriculture
Published by CTA,
This chapter “Innovative and inclusive finance for youth in agriculture", was contributed by CTA as part of the 2015 Africa Agriculture Status Report. This chapter focused on analysing youth access to credit, savings, insurance or other forms of financing to promote their entrepreneurship drive. It starts with a brief review of the challenges preventing young agripreneurs from accessing needed finance. It went further to assess the current state of financing available to youth in agriculture, observing that financing youth in agriculture is already happening. Authors summarized their analyses and recommendations into five key points. »
Delving deeper into the agricultural transformation and youth employment nexus: The Nigerian case
Published by IFPRI,
This working paper by IFPRI aims to critically analyze the youth unemployment situation in sub-Saharan Africa as a whole and in Nigeria in particular and to delve deeper into the potential that agriculture has for job creation for youth. In Section 2 the authors provide an overview of the youth unemployment situation globally and in Africa, followed in Section 3 by a review of the literature on the role agriculture plays in job creation. In Section 4, the dynamics of unemployment and job creation in Nigeria are reviewed. In Section 5 recent initiatives in Nigeria on this front are discussed. »
Innovate for agriculture: Young ICT entrepreneurs overcoming challenges and transforming agriculture
Published by CTA,
This report from CTA demonstrates how young agro-entrepreneurs across the developing world are tackling some of the value chain’s most substantial challenges through using information communication technologies (ICT). The authors argue that when it comes to building a more efficient and equitable value chain, the potential impact of ICTs is more than incremental; it is catalytic. One reason for this is that through having better access to information, farmers can save time and faster access the information they need to support their work. »
Is agriculture the answer to the Africa youth unemployment challenge?
Published by IDS & Young Africa Works Summit,
Is agriculture the sector of opportunity for youth in sub-Saharan Africa? That was the question that was asked as part of a debate for the Mastercard Young Africa Works Summit in November 2015. Dr. Nteranya Sanginga – Director General International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Jim Sumberg from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), highlighted the pro's and cons of this debate. Jim Sumberg presented four reasons to be cautious. »
Unleashing potential: gender and youth inclusive agri-food chains
Published by KIT & SNV,
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation and the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) have partnered to address youth- and gender-inclusive value chain development. This working paper provides a basis for SNV-KIT collaboration on gender and youth inclusive value chain development as well as offering inspiration and food for thought to others engaging on these issues. The paper looks at the changing ‘who’ in agriculture and challenges related to inclusive agricultural value chain development. »
Youth employment in sub-Saharan Africa: Taking stock of the evidence and knowledge gaps
Published by IDRC,
The paper provides an overview of the youth employment challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. It gives context on the overall economic and employment climate in the region, and takes stock of what is known — and not known — about youth employment specifically. It summarizes existing interventions to expand employment and livelihood opportunities for African youth, and identifies research that could address policy-relevant knowledge gaps. »
A future in coffee: Growing a new generation of coffee professionals
Published by Hivos,
A new generation of coffee professionals is urgently needed. Over the last decade, organisations in various parts of the world have launched projects to increase the number of youth involved in the coffee sector. These projects provide clear insights that can be applied in many other sectors and can potentially transform the coffee production sector. This publication by Hivos summarizes 5 case studies worldwide on good practices how to involve youth in the coffee sector, and comes up with successful strategies that attracted young people back to the coffee sector. »
Youth employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges, constraints and opportunities
Published by Journal of African Economies,
This article provides an overview and analysis of youth employment in Sub-Saharan Africa. While many refer to the youth employment problem as the ‘youth unemployment problem’, unemployment is not high in low-income sub-Saharan Africa (3%) or in middle-income countries outside of Southern Africa. Since jobs remain elusive in the formal wage sector, youth have found innovative ways to express and exploit their talents and capabilities in the agriculture and household enterprises (informal sector). »
Africa’s got work to do: A diagnostic of youth employment challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa
Published by Journal of African Economies,
This article provides a macroeconomics analysis of the youth employment problem in the low and lower middle income countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). While concerns about youth employment are often voiced, the discussions tends to lack context due to the absence of labor market data and analysis. This article tries to reduce this gap through analyzing macroeconomic changes and indicators in SSA. »
Youth in agribusiness within an African agricultural transformation agenda
Published by IITA, CTA & ILO,
The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) & The International Labour Organizattion (ILO) prepared a background paper for the Feeding Africa conference of October 2015. The paper highlights several challenges and opportunities in involving youth in agribusiness. The authors stimulate the development of a special program to promote youth in agribusiness. »
Looking for greener pastures: African youth and their future jobs
Published by INCLUDE platform,
In this blog post on the INCLUDE platform, Marije Balt from Springfactor elaborates on youth moving to urban areas and explores programmes and plans of donors to invest in job creation in Africa’s largest sector, agriculture. The blog highlights a number of obstacles faced by young people wishing to engage in agriculture, such as the stigma surrounding agriculture as a lifestyle and source of livelihood, restricted access to land, irrelevant education, inability to handle risk and poor access to finance. Comprehensive approaches are needed, both in rural and urban areas, in agriculture and other sectors, whuch can help youth in Africa find decent work and stop looking for the proverbial greener pastures elsewhere, Balt concludes. »
The future of youth in agricultural value chains in Ethiopia and Kenya
Published by Fair & Sustainable, Wageningen University, AgriProFocus,
This report elaborates on how increased youth involvement in the agricultural value chain can improve food security and diminish youth unemployment. The study assesses where in the farming systems and the agricultural value chain youth is present and tries to understand the perspectives of youth towards agriculture. The study identifies the conditions that influence the involvement of male and female youth in maize and potato value chains in Ethiopia and Kenya. »
Youth in livestock production: Key to the actualization of the agricultural transformation agenda
Published by The Journal of Animal Production Research,
This article elaborates on the involvement of youth in livestock production as key to the actualization of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) in Nigeria. It scrutinizes the socio-economic role of livestock, the state of Nigerians livestock industry, youth involvement in livestock production and the constraints young people face to get involved in livestock production. The authors provide solutions to ensure the active participation of youth in livestock production. »
Toward solutions for youth employment: A 2015 baseline report
Published by Solutions for Youth Employment,
The is a report by Solutions for Youth Employment (S4YE), a multistakeholder global coalition established to improve youth access to work opportunities. It is intended to set a baseline for youth employment trends, research and analysis, actions, and knowledge in line with S4YE's agenda and comparative advantage. The report highlights that agriculture remains the dominant source of youth employment. »
Addressing Africa’s youth employment and food security crisis: The role of African agriculture in job creation
Published by The African Capacity Building Foundation,
In this interview the former president of Nigeria discusses the critical factors responsible for food insecurity and youth unemployment in sub-Saharan Africa. He argues that there are numerous actions that governments could take to address obstacles for youth to get involved in agriculture. He believes that removing these obstacles can prevent both massive youth unemployment and food insecurity in Africa. »
Youth employment and agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa
Published by INCLUDE platform,
This expert opinion of David Suttie on the INCLUDE Knowledge Platform, highlights the role that agriculture can play in tackling the youth unemployment challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa. Suttie states that integrating the dynamism, energy and innovative potential of youth in agriculture is crucial to increase agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa, to meet the food and nutrition needs of its population, and to increase the competitiveness of African food markets. »
Developing the knowledge, skills and talent of youth to further food security and nutrition
Published by CFS; FAO; IFAD and WFP,
This report by CFS; FAO; IFAD and WFP (PDF) provides case studies from different regions, that set out the challenges, successes and lessons learned relating to the development of knowledge, skills and capacity for youth in agriculture. The case studies cover the areas of peer-to-peer knowledge transfer, vocational training and skills development, and education systems and research. »
How to enhance youth employment in Africa
Published by CNBC Africa,
This short movie on CNBC Africa focuses on how to enhance youth employment in Tanzania. Agriculture is a very important job creator in Tanzania, which has an unemployment rate of around 12 per cent. However youth unemployment is much higher and this applies to most of the continent. CNBC Africa’s Thomas Maree spoke to Awadh Milasi... »
Agricultural science can speed job creation for youth in Africa South of the Sahara
Published by INCLUDE platform,
This expert opinion written by Karen Brooks, Director of the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets and published on the INCLUDE Knowledge Platform on inclusieve development policies, focuses on the role of agricultural science for job creation in Africa. ccording to Brooks, removing or reducing current barriers will attract more young people to agricultural careers and help those already farming to do so more successfully. »
Enhancing youth engagement in agricultural careers
Published by Cabi,
This blog by Cabi, explores what can and is being done already to improve employment opportunities for youth in rural areas, particularly in the agricultural sector. The blog highlights greater investment, education, working conditions, governance and social media. »
Africa agriculture status report: youth in agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa
Published by AGRA,
This report highlights the current status of youth in sub-Saharan Africa and present the opportunities and potential that the region’s ‘youth bulge’ and ‘youthening’ generation brings to agriculture. »
Are the youth exiting agriculture en masse?
Published by Eugenie Maïga, Luc Christiaensen, and Amparo Palacios-Lopez,
This paper by Eugenie Maïga, Luc Christiaensen, and Amparo Palacios-Lopez, investigates the extent of youth engagement in agriculture in six African countries using unique data from the Living Standards Measurement Surveys-Integrated surveys on agriculture (LSMSISA). They employ both descriptive and regression analysis to compare the hours worked per week in agriculture by the youth (16-35) and the prime-age group (36-60). »
Youth in agriculture: Inspiring stories of young people changing agriculture
Published by Journal of Gender, Agriculture, and Food Security,
This blog from the Journal of Gender, Agriculture, and Food Security, highlights some succes stories of young agriculture entrepreneurs. Significant challenges remain in realizing the full potential of Africa’s agriculture: access to finance, land rights, and women’s empowerment are just some of the critical issues to address. »
Premise of progress – Building human and social capital for Africa’s agricultural success
Published by Agriculture for Impact,
This blog by Katrin Glatzel on Agriculture for impact highlights the challenges of youth engagement in Africa's agriculture. Glatzel recommends socio-economic intensification, the integration of innovations and practices from the fields of ecology, genetics and socio-economics to build environmentally sustainable, equitable, productive and resilient ecosystems, to improve the well-being of farms, farmers and their families. »
African youth and the persistence of marginalization: Employment, politics, and prospects for change
Published by Routledge,
This book by Routledge critically examines the extent and consequences of the marginalization of African youth. It questions conventional wisdoms about data trends, aspirational goals, and common policy interventions surrounding Africa’s youth that have been variously propagated in both the development studies literature and in mainstream donor policy reports. »
Life stories of African women and young professionals in science
Published by CTA,
This booklet by the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), takes a look at the life stories of 12 remarkable African agricultural scientists who are making a difference on the continent and internationally. »
Youth, conservation agriculture and sustainable development – Engagement insights from Africa
Published by Raymond Erick Zvavanyange,
This book aims to stimulate critical dialogue and resolve among readers on truly engaging youth in agricultural transformation. In using Zimbabwe, as the anchorage, the book, holistically scans the nation’s landscape – food and nutrition security, climate change and variability, and the post-2015 development agenda, for examples of innovative thinking, leadership, and action, in youth engagement, and thus, catapults local futuristic-thinking youths to the global stage. »
Perspectives on jobs and farming: Findings from a Q study with young people, parents and development workers in rural Ghana
Published by Future agricultures,
This paper by Future Agricultures aimed to explore in a systematic way the perspectives of rural young people, their parents and development officials on a series of questions relating to work in general and agriculture in particular. The study presents the results of a series of Q Methodology studies with secondary students and parents in Ghana, and with development officials. »
Report of national youth forum on agro-based entrepreneurship development
Published by YPARD,
This report covers a summary of the workshop entitled, “National Youth Forum on Agro-based Entrepreneurship Development, which was held in Lalitpur, Nepal on 9th-10th January 2015. This workshop was organized with the support of YPARD, YPARD Asia, MCRC and NFYN. »
Rural radio and community media: Empowering rural youth to build resilient livelihoods and improve food security and nutrition
Published by Global Forum FNS,
This report (PDF) by the Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition in West Africa of FAO, in collaboration with UNESCO, is a result of an online discussion on rural radio and community media, organized in February 2015. This initiative aimed to contribute to current debates about the challenges and opportunities of the role that rural radio and community media can have to young people to improve the resilience and food security in West Africa. »
Youth sustaining family farming through ICTs
Published by CTA,
This report is the result of an e-debate of three weeks on "Youth sustaining family farming through ICTs", organised by the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), in collaboration with the African Youth Foundation (AYF), in October 2014. »
Youth and agriculture: key challenges and concrete solutions
Published by CTA, FAO & IFAD,
This report (PDF) has been published by FAO, The Youth and United Nations Global Alliance (YUNGA), the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The document builds on results of the project “Facilitating Access to Rural Youth to Agricultural Activities” undertaken by FAO/IFAD/MIJARC, as well as on CTA youth activities. »
Effect of farm succession on coffee production in Kenya
Published by International Journal of Agricultural Extension,
Coffee farmers in Kenya are elderly (average 55 years), and reluctant to release coffee farms to the new generation, leading to reduced adoption of new technologies and reduced coffee production despite its profitability and opportunity of expansion. The objective of the research study was to establish the effect of farm succession on coffee production in Kisii County. »
Young people, agriculture, and employment in rural Africa
Published by UNU-WIDER,
This paper (PDF) by UNU-WIDER examines the current interest in addressing the problem of young people’s unemployment in Africa through agriculture. It aims to address what role policy and associated programmes and projects can play in re-aligning rural young people’s engagement with agriculture. By use of two overarching concepts, transition and mobility, a conceptual framework is introduced that could be used as a lens for the analysis of policies, programmes and projects involving young people and agriculture in Africa. »
Who wants to farm? Youth aspirations, opportunities and rising food prices
Published by IDS,
This publication (PDF) by IDS explores conditions favourable for active engagement of educated young people into farming in a context of food price volatility, and in particular rising food prices since 2007. Based on analysis of interviews, focus group discussion and household case studies with almost 1500 people in 23 rural, urban and peri-urban communities in low and middle income Asian, African and Latin American countries in 2012, this research digs deeper into some of the established explanations as to why youth in developing countries appear reluctant to enter farming. »
Livestock entrepreneurship as an emerging self-employment option for university graduates in Ethiopia: Overview of concerns and potentials for growth
Published by IISTE,
This paper (PDF) in the European Journal of Business and Management, compiles and synthesizes existing and emerging knowledge on major aspects of livestock enterprises and support services including practical skills and information needs among self-employed graduates. Implications for further investigation and interventions and informing institutional policies development on livestock enterprises as a growing employment option are also highlighted. »
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