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Innovations in agro-food sectors


Innovations in agro-food sectors - Dairy

This topic looks at food products that are produced from the milk of mammals. The price of dairy products has increased substantially over the past decade and there are a growing number of dairy smallholders in Africa and Asia. Which innovations in the dairy value chain could contribute to food and nutrition security?

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Africa Asia Bangladesh Bolivia Burundi East Africa Ethiopia Global India Kenya Latin America Malawi Niger Rwanda Senegal Sri Lanka Tanzania The Netherlands Uganda Zambia
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Improved forages and milk production in East Africa
Published by CIAT,
This report by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) shows that the introduction of improved forage varieties of the Brachiaria genus is a climate-friendly way to close the gap in the availability of livestock and dairy products in Sub-Saharan Africa. The authors assess the potential economic impact of the development and release of such varieties in six East African countries is using an economic surplus model. »
Positioning smallholder farmers in the dairy innovation system in Malawi: A perspective of actors and their roles.
Published by Outlook on Agriculture Journal,
This paper applies a historical analysis of the progressive development and complexity of Malawi’s diary innovation system through phased emphasis on technological, organizational and institutional development to illustrate the centrality of smallholder dairy farmers in the innovation system. A social network analysis is applied to assess the influence of smallholder farmers on other actors. »
Cooperative membership and dairy performance among smallholders in Ethiopia
Published by Food Policy Journal,
This study assesses the impact of cooperative membership among dairy producers in Selale, Ethiopia. Cooperatives are sometimes seen as being instrumental in poverty alleviation among dairy farmers and can provide a suitable environment for dairy intensification. However, the authors stress that in this case there were trade-offs between cooperative functions. »
Milking the data: Measuring milk off-take in extensive livestock systems. Experimental evidence from Niger
Published by Food Policy Journal,
This article argues that our understanding of the role of dairy production in livelihoods and nutritional outcomes is hindered by the lack of decent quality household survey data. It shows that reasonably accurate estimates via recall methods are possible, and provides a clear ranking of questionnaire design options that can inform future survey operations. While milk is an important source of cash and nutrients for many households in developing countries, data on milk off-take for human consumption are often difficult to collect in household surveys. »
The hidden effects of dairy farming on public and environmental health in the Netherlands, India, Ethiopia, and Uganda, considering the use of antibiotics and other agro-chemicals
Published by Frontiers in Public Health,
This article discusses the differences and similarities in dairy farming in the Netherlands, India, Ethiopia, and Uganda and its effect on public and environmental health. It emphasizes the strategies that have been developed during a project to reduce the use of antibiotics and other chemicals in dairy farming. The impact of antibiotic use on human health through antibiotic use, the growing problem of antibiotic resistance, and the lack of adequate control systems are discussed as well as the effects of dairy farming on the environment... »
Effects of co-operatives and contracts on rural income and production in the dairy supply chains: Evidence from Northern Ethiopia
Published by African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics,
This article pays particular attention to the impact of co-operatives and contracts on dairy production and the income of dairy farmers in the local food chains in Northern Ethiopia. Farmer-induced collective action (co-operatives) or buyer-driven contracts are often in place in global agrifood chains. The authors suggest that strengthening co-operatives may enhance and upgrade the dairy sector/chain, improve the livelihoods of smallholders, and facilitate the link to global food chains. »
Legitimizing informal markets: A case study of the dairy sector in Kenya
Published by IIED,
This brief reflects on informal dairy markets and their legitimization in Kenya. New approaches, based on gradual improvements and an inclusive path to formalization, are evaluated as promising to ensure safe food in the dairy sector... »
Recent developments in the dairy sector in Eastern Africa: Towards a regional policy framework for value chain development
Published by ECDPM,
This brief argues the dairy sector in Eastern Africa is under-exploited. It states that there are opportunities to strengthen or build upon existing regional structures and market complementarities, to activate stronger regional levers and coordinate actions across countries. »
Field assessment of rapid market estimation techniques: a case study of dairy value chains in Tanzania
Published by African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics,
This article uses rapid market estimation techniques to quantify the informal milk market in two Tanzanian municipalities. Many market research techniques do not document the informal components and therefore producers only have access to limited information. In this action research project, the participants tried to quickly gather key information to inform the design of interventions to upgrade small-scale urban dairy production. »
Cattle keepers’ preference for hub options for dairy business in Tanzania
Published by ILRI,
This brief (PDF) of the International Livestock Research Institute elaborates solutions for the dairy value chain in Tanzania. Since demand for milk in Tanzania increases, there is a need for new mechanisms to increase productivity and market orientation. »
Increasing the efficiency of the dairy value chain in Uganda: Determinants of choice of milk marketing channels by dairy farmers
Published by Livestock Research for Rural Development,
This article in argues that while the Ugandan dairy sector has experienced continuous growth the sectors milk marketing has remained largely informal. It emphasizes that to improve milk production and sale in formal channels, investment in infrastructure and training by the government is needed. »
Innovation platforms to improve smallholder dairying in India and Tanzania
Published by ILRI,
This report by ILRI reflects on the potential role of innovation platforms as spaces to identify and spread useful innovations associated with dairy production and feeding. It draws examples from MilkIT, a project to promote milk production in India and Tanzania. The idea of innovation platforms is introduced and it is shown how they can... »
Policy incoherence in smallholder dairying in Bihar, India
Published by CGIAR,
This discussion paper (PDF) by CGIAR, explores the dairy innovation system of Bihar mainly to explore the critical bottlenecks in the policy environment that constrain smallholder dairying in the state. »
Reviews highlight successes and challenges of Tanzania dairy innovation platforms
Published by CGIAR,
These reports by CGIAR review capacity building training of dairy innovation platforms in Tanga (PDF) and Morogoro (PDF) in Tanzania and highlight key opportunities and challenges in improving dairy production in the country. The outcomes of training programs held in December 2014 and January 2015 are highlighted, targeting dairy innovation platform leaders in the two regions to enhance their capacity and understanding of the functioning and usefulness of innovation platforms established by MilkIT dairy development program. »
CARE’s dairy value chain: Making markets work for smallholder farmers in Bangladesh
Published by Care,
In this book by CARE: Making Markets More Inclusive, in-depth, behind-the-scenes lessons are highlighted from CARE’s work in the dairy value chain in northwest Bangladesh. The book provides a top five of lessons on how to make markets work. »
East African dairy farmers implement innovative livestock insurance
Published by Northrift News,
This article by Northrift News highlights an innovative livestock insurance project for dairy farmers in Kenya. East African dairy farmers who have opted for crossbred or exotic animals face the challenge of how easily the animals die due to hunger, disease or other factors, compared to hardy indigenous animals. The crossbreeds and exotics are often a liability, »
Milk production pays off – Experiences of a DPPP approach in Northern Sri Lanka
Published by Rural21,
In 2013, an international packaging company and a local retailer enterprise set up a project in Sri Lanka called “develoPPP initiative” (development partnerships with the private sector). The project aims at an increased quality and quantity of milk production and medium-term coverage of the regional demand, with a special focus on involving women and creating... »
World mapping of animal feeding systems in the dairy sector
Published by IDF/ FAO/ IFCN,
This report (PDF) by three partner organizations (IDF, FAO and IFCN) builds a knowledge foundation for animal feeding systems to serve as a valuable resource for the dairy sector and connected chain partners. The paper includes IFCN survey results on dairy cattle feeding systems for 44 countries; the IDF survey results on dairy cattle feeding systems... »
Biodigesters to improve milk production in Bolivia
Published by Hivos,
In this project in Bolivia with financial support from Hivos and the technical support of SNV, a technology is used to convert dung into biogas that can be used for cooking and lighting. The slurry left over from this process is used as an organic fertilizer in order to increase the existing pasture yield and... »
Assessing societal changes from changing dairy value chains in Sahelian pastoral communities
Published by ILRI,
In this article by ILRI, a method is introduced that is being tried out in Senegal to measure the social impacts of dairy supply chain innovation in pastoralist societies. To collect and add value to milk from local herders and to help meet increasing demand for milk products in Dakar, a dairy plant has adapted its supply chain to the social customs of the Fula herders of this region. »
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