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Livestock and dairy

November 15, 2019Knowledge Portal
Adaptation opportunities for smallholder dairy farmers facing resource scarcity: Integrated livestock, water and land management

This study quantifies the water and land footprints of current livestock production systems in three agro-ecological zones in Kenya that contrast strongly in terms of land availability and rainfall. Across the three agroecological zones, improving breeds, feed provisioning and milk production per cow may achieve production intensification but concurrently exacerbates resource limitation. Consequently, the heterogeneity inherent in resource availability across dairy production zones should be considered when developing strategies for increasing dairy production. »

October 17, 2019Knowledge Portal
Possibilities of establishing a smallholder pig identification and traceability system in Kenya

This paper begins a discussion on traceability in the pig value chain, with an initial focus on smallholder systems of Western Kenya. In the smallholder context, individual identification is proposed given that farmers may source pigs from different farms and will only keep a few at a time. Appropriate incentives would need to be explored to allow for widespread adoption of the intervention. »

April 3, 2019Knowledge Portal
Genetic improvement in dromedary camels: Challenges and opportunities

This expert opinion states that camels have a large potential that is underutilized due to technical, logistic, political and economic challenges and genetic improvement is required. Camels are poised to be an excellent candidate species for production, due to their unique physiology and in light of climate change impact on ecosystems. However, to harness their potential, an improved understanding of the genetics underlying their unique biology is needed. Further, added value products need to be produced and smart marketing strategies need to be adopted to increase the value of camel products »

March 22, 2019Knowledge Portal
Supporting sustainable expansion of livestock production in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa: Scenario analysis of investment options

This study used a scenario analysis to explore what targeted investments to the livestock sector could help enhance food security in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The results show that boosting livestock productivity primarily in these two regions could improve food security and producer incomes while limiting greenhouse gas emissions and agricultural water usage. »

March 7, 2019Knowledge Portal
Climate change and the global dairy cattle sector: The role of the diary sector in a low-carbon future

This report is an attempt to understand the contribution of the dairy sector to global emissions between 2005 and 2015 as a further step towards addressing the challenge of climate change and defining a low-carbon pathway for the sector. Research, policies, regulations, infrastructure, and incentives will all be required to systematically support low-carbon choices. »

February 27, 2019Knowledge Portal
Assessing competitiveness of smallholder pig farming in the changing landscape of Northwest Vietnam

This research aims at identifying major constraints and opportunities in the improved integration of pig and maize production, to improve smallholder income, while making the system more environmentally sustainable by investigating more diverse and profitable crop rotations, as well as improvements to soil fertility through cycling of nutrients and organic matter. The study results highlight difficulties faced by smallholders in these communes with regard to accessing inputs and services as well as more profitable markets for their pig products. »