How climate drives hunger: Food security climate analyses, methodologies & lessons 2010-2016
This report (PDF) by the WFP acts as a compendium of the main findings from food security climate analyses undertaken by WFP and partners around the world and documents key lessons learnt from these efforts. Two key types of climate analyses are identified: (1) analyses aiming to identify how climate variability will impact people’s food security, livelihoods and nutrition; (2) analyses that extend to specific variables today and in recent past. The report provides summaries on these analyses on global, regional and country levels, with hyperlinks for detailed reports, which can help guide adaptation planning and program design for a wide range of stakeholders. The lessons learnt from the climate analyses are largely related to data collection and availability of data; long-term data on key indicators is often lacking, spread among institutions or not available to the public. Another lesson is that assessing the contribution of different climate factors to food security is challenging , since factors are difficult to quantify. In addition, analyses are challenging to link to strategic program recommendations, which requires a stronger focus on examining livelihoods. Furthermore, it is of importance to work hand-in-hand with government and partners in designing and carrying out climate analyses, helping to build technical capacities of government counterparts for future analysis efforts. The key actions moving forward include mainstreaming and building capacities in climate analysis methodologies, while also ensuring a greater focus on partnerships, and strengthening linkages of the analyses with policy and programmatic work.