March 31st, 2015
Towards responsible scaling up and out in agricultural development : An exploration of concepts and principles
Published by Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation, September 1st, 2013
This discussion paper (PDF) by the Centre for Development Innovation (CDI) was prepared for the CGIAR Research Program on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics. The paper highlights that scaling up and out is a multi-faceted subject with various dimensions of challenges. It is meant to inspire discussions on the topic of processes of scaling up and out in agricultural development. Different types of approaches to scaling are described: push, pull, plant, or probe. Furthermore, a number of individual and collective competences as well as conducive spaces for appropriate strategy development and implementation are discussed.