Opportunities of urban horticulture for poverty alleviation in Dar es Salaam city, Tanzania
This study (PDF) in the Journal of Nutrition, Food and Agriculture was conducted to explore to opportunities of the urban agriculture focusing on vegetables and ornamental flowers production towards poverty reduction and alleviation in Dar es Salaam, as a case study of Ubungo Municipality. Urban agriculture reveals to play a significant role towards reducing and alleviating the poverty among inhabitants of Dar es Salaam. An increase over the years of vegetable crops production was seen. This increased trend is due to the increase of productivity of smallholder farmers, the increase of market regarding high consumers due to population growth in the city, and reasonable price of the products. Furthermore, there was an increase of available agricultural input, like working tools, fertilizers and seeds. The production of urban vegetables and ornamental flowers has a significant positive contribution towards food security. The majority of smallholder farmers (73.4% and 70.4%) reported that there is an increase of the accessibility and availability of food respectively, at household level after participating in the urban vegetable and ornamental flowers production. Furthermore, the production resulted in income generation. These results have facilitated the increase of essential social services, such as water, electricity, health and education. It is recommended that the government and other stakeholders should assist in formalizing the sector and provide incentives such as land, agricultural extension services, loans and subsidy to the agricultural inputs to the smallholder farmers.