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The Status of patenting plants in the Global South
February 20, 2019Study
The Status of patenting plants in the Global South

This Oxfam research report finds that 60% of the 126 LMIC countries for which data was available allow for the patenting of plants or parts thereof, despite the flexibilities of the WTO TRIPS Agreement regarding the non-patentability of plants. Oxfam is concerned that the growing number and scope of patents on plants, plant parts and DNA sequences will threaten Food and Nutrition Security by blocking the free availability of these materials for further breeding and re-planting by all stakeholders. »

The Access to Seeds Index 2019 – Global Seed Companies
February 20, 2019News
The Access to Seeds Index 2019 – Global Seed Companies

Global seed companies are adapting their products to combat the impact of climate change and address nutrition needs. But limited access to quality seed in many emerging economies persists, with the global seed industry reaching just 10% of the world’s smallholder farmers, according to a new study. »

January 14, 2019Knowledge Portal
Impact of positive selection on incidence of different viruses during multiple generations of potato seed tubers in Uganda

This article assesses to what extent positive selection over several seasons can reduce six different virus incidences in seed lots of different starting quality in Southwestern Uganda. The results clearly show that crops planted with seeds from positive selection have a reduced virus incidence compared to those from farmers’ selection when the treatments are applied over multiple (in this case, three) seasons, thereby reducing the level of secondary infection in the next-season crop. »

July 28, 2018Knowledge Portal
Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and lower-middle-income countries

This systematic review evaluates the impact of input subsidies on agricultural productivity, beneficiary incomes and welfare, consumer welfare and wider economic growth. Results show that subsidized fertilizers and seeds are associated with increased use of these inputs, higher agricultural yields and increased income. »

July 5, 2018Knowledge Portal
Eyes in the sky: How drones and satellites can transform African agriculture

This blog is on precision agriculture, in which micro-level data on e.g. stress, moisture and the presence of pests, is gathered by drones or satellites and used to enhance decision making on the farm. Results of a pilot study demonstrated the potential real-world impact of the the precision farming model. »

June 20, 2018Knowledge Portal
On developing a scale to measure chronic household seed insecurity in semi-arid Kenya and the implications for food security policy

This study analyzes household and farm-level characteristics that may predict chronic seed insecurity in semi-arid eastern Kenya. Results suggest that mild chronic seed insecurity continues to be a problem in most households, hampering their ability to produce food. »