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May 15, 2015Knowledge Portal
Brokering development: Enabling factors for public-private-producer partnerships in agricultural value chains

This publication seeks to understand how public-private-producer partnerships (PPPPs) in agricultural value chains can be designed and implemented to achieve more sustained increases in income for smallholder farmers. PPPPs also explicitly involve farmers (or producers), hence the fourth ‘P’ is added to the more familiar designation of ‘public-private partnerships’. »