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May 16, 2019Knowledge Portal
Base of the pyramid marketing and distribution

This thematic paper focusses on marketing and distribution to the base of the pyramid (BoP) and the way of working of this approach. Instead of looking at the product, price, place and promotion (4Ps), the program focusses on acceptability, affordabililty, awareness and availability (4As). »

May 14, 2019Knowledge Portal
Achieving Sustainable Development Goals in the global food sector: A systematic literature review to examine small farmers engagement in contract farming

This study aims to identify the factors that drive smallholder participation in contract farming. In cases where smallholders dominate the agrarian context, there is evidence of smallholder participation in contract farming. When the agrarian context contains both large and poor smallholders, the latter remain excluded from participating in contract programs. In addition, the review finds that smallholders with more assets and formal land tenures are likely to participate in contract farming. »

April 17, 2019Knowledge Portal
Innovative finance opportunities for inclusive agribusiness: Understanding the emerging opportunities

This report describes in depth 8 different financing instruments with specific example cases of its application to inclusive agribusiness. Agribusiness have a huge business opportunity and a chance to contribute to the SDGs. Financing opportunities for inclusive agribusiness are growing. »

April 1, 2019Knowledge Portal
Inclusive businesses in agriculture: Defining the concept and its complex and evolving partnership structures in the field

This paper aims to provide a more precise insight into Inclusive Businesses (IBs), from a conceptual perspective and from a more practical one when implemented. Results show that whereas multiple-instrument IBs do obtain improved inclusiveness of low-income communities and smallholder farmers in commercial value chains, issues related to corporate control over resources, lack of knowledge transfer and marginal benefits remain. »

February 27, 2019Knowledge Portal
Vegetable business and smallholders’ food security: Empirical findings from Northern Ethiopia

This article aims to answer the question is whether market-oriented vegetable production will actually help farmers to become more food secure. The results show that a farmer’s participation in the vegetable business increased significantly with adequate household productive resources, cooperative memberships and access to extension services. While Ethiopia is going ahead with inclusive market-driven approaches to food security, alternative mechanisms must be put in place to address the negative impacts and to empower those living in the most vulnerable conditions. »

February 27, 2019Knowledge Portal
Determinants of the competitiveness of smallholder African indigenous vegetable farmers in high-value agro-food chains in Kenya: A multivariate probit regression analysis

This study aims at determining the main role of households’ capitals, institutional, and access-related factors in conditioning the decision of smallholder farmers of African indigenous vegetables (AIVs) to access pillars of competitiveness in high-value market chains (HVMCs). The results suggest that about two thirds of smallholder AIV farmers had access to at least one pillar of competitiveness in HVMCs. »