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food consumption patterns

August 15, 2019Knowledge Portal
Modernization of African food retailing and (un)healthy food consumption

This article examins relationships between consumers’ socioeconomic status, use of different modern and traditional retailers, and dietary patterns in urban Zambia. Use of modern retailers is positively associated with higher consumption of ultra-processed foods. However, the use of traditional stores and kiosks is also positively associated with the consumption of ultra-processed foods, suggesting that modern retailers are not the only drivers of dietary transitions. »

August 8, 2019Knowledge Portal
Mapping obesogenic food environments in South Africa and Ghana: Correlations and contradictions

This paper explores correlations and linkages between neighbourhood food environments and household food environments, with particular emphasis on the risk they pose for obesity. The results reveal that household food environments promoting obesity appear correlated with neighbourhood food environments, which make obesogenic foods accessible and available. They also suggest that poverty is a powerful determinant not only of household consumption and purchasing but also of local food environments. »

February 28, 2019Knowledge Portal
Income variability, evolving diets and demand for processed foods in Nigeria

This report presents evidence on evolving dietary patterns in Nigeria. Research revealed a complex and nuanced picture of consumer demand for processed foods. Consumption of highly processed foods at home has been decreasing over time in Nigeria. Furthermore, though consumption of food eaten away from home has increased, much about that food is unknown. »

February 28, 2019Knowledge Portal
Contributions of livestock-derived foods to nutrient supply under changing demand in low- and middle-income countries

This paper assesses the contribution of livestock to the food and nutrient supply of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) by presenting a case study of eight countries. For almost all the countries and under a range of scenarios of economic and climatic change in 2050, it is found that per capita protein supply from livestock-derived food (LDF) will increase relative to that from plant sources. »

February 15, 2019Knowledge Portal
Food and nutrient gaps in rural Northern Ghana: Does production of smallholder farming households support adoption of food-based dietary guidelines?

This study developed local food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) and studied whether these are supported by the diversity and quantity of the production of a household. Results imply that even when the FBDGs are fully adopted the requirements for several nutrients will not be met. In addition, the nutrient needs and food needs of a household were only marginally covered by their own food production. »

February 1, 2019Knowledge Portal
Food in the anthropocene: The EAT-Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems

In this article the EAT-Lancet Commission developed global scientific targets based on the best evidence available for healthy diets and sustainable food production. A universal healthy reference diet was developed to provide a basis for estimating the health and environmental effects of adopting an alternative diet. Scientific targets for the safe operating space of food systems were established for six key Earth system processes. An opportunity exists to integrate food systems into international, national, and business policy frameworks aiming for improved human health and environmental sustainability. »