Home / Research projects / GCP Projects / GCP-2IP Local and International business collaboration for productivity and QUality Improvement in Dairy chains in SE Asia and East Africa (LIQUID)

Local and International business collaboration for productivity and QUality Improvement in Dairy chains in SE Asia and East Africa (LIQUID)

GCP project LIQUID
Image: Project research team (by: Wageningen UR)

Project description

Aim: Dairy chains in developing countries are often performing sub-standard, leading to quality losses and economic inefficiencies. Various business models are applied, and in an increasing number of countries international food companies are involved. Little is known on the inclusiveness, effectiveness and scalability of the different business models for improved food and nutrition security. The LIQUID project aims to fill this knowledge gap by doing research, developing capacity and sharing knowledge on how different business models lead to inclusiveness, both in term of income opportunities for farmers and workers, and in terms of availability of quality dairy products for consumers in South-East Asia and East Africa.
Improved collaboration among local and international businesses in value chains can lead to higher productivity and improved quality. This project provides insights and practical tools to strengthen inclusive dairy chains in SE Asia and East Africa, with the aim to improve product quality and farmer income.

Objective: The overall objective of LIQUID is to contribute to an improved food and nutrition security situation in SE Asia and East Africa by studying, capacitating and sharing knowledge on how and under which conditions different business models in the dairy chain provide growth opportunities for smallholders and workers and enhance the availability and quality of dairy products for consumers. In all of the following sub-objectives, gender and youth receives special attention.

Method: The LIQUID project studies dairy development programmes in SE Asia, both their institutional set-up and their effect on producers, workers and consumers. In addition, LIQUID studies local business models in Indonesia, Thailand, Kenya and Tanzania. Finally, the business models applied in SE Asia are compared to business models in the dairy chains of East Africa, adjusted models piloted, and recommendations given to adjust or strengthen international and local business models that have shown to have a positive impact on inclusiveness.

Summary of first year progress: LIQUID’s first year focussed on refining the theoretical framework, developing research protocols and setting up the program infrastructure. PhD project proposals have been submitted to the graduate schools of Wageningen University. A communication plan and a website have been developed. A kick-off meeting with all partners was held in February 2016. A training program was developed for the LIQUID PhD students. This training program will also be offered to students in the partner countries. Several MSc theses were written within the LIQUID program. Agriterra has been providing training on sound financial management and good governance in dairy cooperatives.

Countries: Indonesia, Thailand, Tanzania and Kenya.

Dutch policy goal: Inclusive business models for food security.

Duration: October 1, 2015 – October 14, 2020


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Dr Jos Bijman, project leader of the LIQUID project, is chair of the 12 persons Programme Committee of the International Cooperative Alliance and hosts this year’s ICA2018 Conference in Wageningen, which focuses on cooperatives. »