How to do: Design of gender transformative smallholder agriculture adaptation programmes
This note (PDF) by IFAD provides guidance on how to design smallholder agriculture adaptation programmes that consider the differential impacts of climate change on women, men and youth smallholder farmers. Experience suggests that the most effective way to increase smallholder farmers’ production, promote their adaptation to climate change and achieve women’s empowerment is to use an integrated, gender transformative approach. A gender transformative programme is one that actively seeks to build equitable social norms and structures in addition to individual gender-equitable behavior, giving sufficient attention to the specific needs of men, women and youth, and their limited access to resources, including capital, land, time or even the right to make decisions. Understanding where a programme or project is located on this spectrum requires investigating all aspects of programmes: inception and design, processes and systems, and monitoring and evaluation. Furthermore, this note presents a model checklist of good practices for developing gender transformative adaptation programmes. The checklist aims to ensure that adequate consideration is given to the spectrum of constraints, from social norms to enabling environments and processes, that might limit the equitable participation of and benefit for rural women and youth.